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Dating gateways

Dating gateways

Ellis Island. Immigration to New York and other ports. USA naturalisation records. Irish immigration to America after was predominantly Catholic. The vast majority of those that had arrived previously had been Protestants or Presbyterians and had quickly assimilated, not least because English was their first language, and most but certainly not all had skills and perhaps some small savings on which to start to build a new life.

Very soon they had become independent and prosperous. More about pre immigration here. Irish immigration to America: The Famine years The arrival of destitute and desperate Catholics, many of whom spoke only Irish or a smattering of English, played out very differently. Suspicious of the majority Anglo-American-Protestants a historically-based trait that was reciprocated , and limited by a language barrier, illiteracy and lack of skills, this wave of Irish immigrants sought refuge among their own kind.

The Dunbrody is a replica of an emigrant ship that sailed in the s between New York and New Ross, Co Wexford, where the replica is moored. The arrival of destitute and desperate Catholics, many of whom spoke only Irish or a smattering of English, played out very differently. At this time, when famine was raging in Ireland, Irish immigration to America came from two directions: Ireland was also part of Britain, and fares to Canada were cheaper than fares to the USA, especially after Those that survived the journey often had just one thought on their minds: While many chose to settle in Canada, substantially more managed to find the physical and financial resources to reach America.

Irish immigration to America - Discrimination Notwithstanding the lack of trust between the predominantly Protestant America-born middle class and the impoverished Catholic immigrants who arrived in the midth century, the main problem for the Irish immigrant was a lack of skill.

Of course, there were some who were blacksmiths, stonemasons, bootmakers and the like, but the majority had had no formal training in anything. On passenger manifests the men claimed to be labourers; women said they were domestic servants. In most cases, they had little or no previous experience in these roles; these positions were the limit of their aspirations. The Boston Pilot From to , this national newspaper published 'Missing Friends' advertisements which usually referred to the exact townland of origin of either the person being sought or the person who placed the ad.

They route of the individual's journey to America, and even the name of the ship, were often stated. Many of the ads refer to women, for whom determining the exact place of origin can often be more difficult because they didn't apply for naturalisation this status was passed to them by their husband.

Some databases charge for this resource but you'll find an incomplete version is available free through the Boston College Irish Studies Program. A job — a wage — was what they were seeking, and they didn't really care too much about the detail. Being unskilled, uneducated and typically illiterate, they accepted the most menial jobs that other immigrant groups did not want. So-called 'Elegant Society' looked down on them, and so did nearly everyone else!

They were forced to work long hours for minimal pay. Their cheap labour was needed by America's expanding cities for the construction of canals, roads, bridges, railroads and other infrastructure projects, and also found employment in the mining and quarrying industries.

When the economy was strong, Irish immigrants to America were welcomed. But when boom times turned down, as they did in the mids, social unrest followed and it could be especially difficult for immigrants who were considered to be taking jobs from Americans. Being already low in the pecking order, the Irish suffered great discrimination.

Steamship competition After , the tide of Irish immigration to America levelled off. However, the continuing steady numbers encouraged ship builders to construct bigger vessels. Most of them still made the voyage east with commodities to feed England's industrial revolution, but shipowners began to realise the economic advantages of specialising in steerage passengers. Conditions onboard began to improve -not to a standard that could even remotely be called comfortable today, but improved, all the same.

By iron steamships of over tons were becoming increasingly common, and competition was growing. So much so that steerage fares on steamships were often lower than on sailing ships, and voyage time was considerably quicker at less than two weeks. This reduction of voyage time was a two-fold blessing.

As the size of emigrant ships grew, so it became increasingly common for Irish emigrants to travel to Liverpool, across the Irish Sea in Northwest England, to catch their boat to a new life in America. This huge port could accommodate the larger ships more easily than the small Irish harbours.


Dating gateways

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